For when you have no idea what they’re talking about…
Grasping of the language.
**Has their L2 acquisition improved? = are they getting it yet?!
The words/ vocabulary your students are able to actively produce on a regular basis. They don’t need to look at their notes to form these words/ sentences.
To talk “around” a word or idea, or provide an explanation of it without saying what that actual “it” is.
**es una persona que extingue los fuegos y ayuda la comunidad.
A written activity with blanks that students will fill in with words either heard or copied from another source. A great deal of educators use this with lyrics to songs and have students fill in what they hear.
Words that are written and sound similarly in the two languages (i.e. both English and Spanish)
**inteligente = intelligent especial = special favorito = favorite
Comprehensible Input (CI)
Basically, the students get what you’re saying despite not having taught them every single word in the sentence/ phrase. Whatever is going in (input) is understood (comprehensible) just fine. A lot of world language educators sell this tactic as it builds self esteem for the learner (and the teacher for all I’m concerned) when everybody gets you. It is nice to understand what’s going on around you.
The L2 refers to the “second language -” in this case the one you are teaching.
I LOVE sociolinguistics. Also, it’s a nice fancy word that you can sell simply because you’ve taught “tú vs. usted.”
It is being able to adapt your use of language in accordance with whom you are talking. (often based on age, race, class, size, sexuality, etc. and considers the culture associated with the language.)
The target language is just whatever language you want them to be learning, speaking in, adopting, etc. the one you hope they’re on target to learn.
Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling. (some have other definitions for the acronym). Regardless, Children’s books, narration of movies, describing music videos, scripts/ plays, comics, etc. are all used to help students develop another language. There are some really cool ideas out there about how to use this in your classroom, look around!